Timely diagnosis of, and effective treatment initiation in, people with pulmonary TB is paramount in preventing the transmission of TB, and to prevent further morbidity and mortality for these individuals. Maximizing successful treatment (cure or treatment completed) while minimizing unsuccessful treatment outcomes (TB-related death, treatment non-completion loss to follow-up) are key outcomes. In addition, the psycho-social and behavioral needs of people affected by TB may influence local epidemiology and individual outcomes. Addressing these issues is central to the program’s ability to provide patient-centered care (see Chapter 5: Treatment of Tuberculosis Disease).
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