TB continues to be an important disease in Canadian children, especially Indigenous Canadian-born children, who have a disproportionately high burden of disease. Foreign-born children and the children of foreign-born parents are also at risk. Treatment of pediatric TB requires a team approach and easily accessible and culturally appropriate healthcare services. Public health programs should prioritize finding and screening TB-exposed children to prevent avoidable morbidity and mortality as well as reduce the reservoir of future TB cases.
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